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Baisiogala / Beysegole / Bejsagoła

Lietuva / Šiaulių apskritis

Sinagogos, maldos namai ir kiti Kapinės Martirologijos vietos Žydų kultūros paveldas muziejuose Kiti

Istorija

ZKIcentras

Baisogala is a small town in Lithuania. It is situated on the crossroads of Kėdainiai–Šeduva and Raseiniai–Šeduva roads. According to the 2001 census, it had 2,548 residents.

Baisogala is first mentioned in written sources in 1539 when King Sigismund I the Old established a parish with seat in the town. Archeologists discovered cemeteries from the 5th and 6th centuries near the town suggesting the people inhabited the area well before the 16th century. In the 17th century, the town was granted to the Radziwiłł family and changed hands a few times. In 1791 the town was granted city privileges according to the Magdeburg law. Eventually, the town was bought in 1830 by Joseph Komar, a former colonel of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Komar family remained in Baisogala until 1940 when the Soviets arrested and deported the family to Kazachstan. [1]

The beginning of the Jewish community in Baisogola was at the end of the 18th century. In 1801 the Burial Society was established, that maintained a pinkas [record book] from the year 1813. The dead were brought to a cemetery near Grinkishok. The public life of the Jews centered on the synagogue; charity organizations and religious study groups. During the famine at the end of the 1860s, the Jewish community of Baisogola also suffered and it received help from the Jewish community of Memel.

By the end of the 19th century, many of the Jewish youth were receiving a secular education and belonged to the organization “Hibat Zion”.

After World War I, a number of Jews returned to Baisogola from Russia and found their homes occupied by the Lithuanians. The synagogue was destroyed. Six families built new homes near the railroad station. Also, during this period, just as before the war, the Jews made their living by commerce, peddling, fruit orchards, and ancillary farming, including raising poultry. It is possible that because of the poultry, the Jews of Baisogola received the nickname “Baisagoler Pupkis” (the gizzards of Baisalgola). According to the 1931 Lithuanian survey there were two textile stores and one food shop owned by Jews. In 1937 there were seven Jewish tradesmen/artisans: 3 butchers, a baker, a glazier, an ironmonger and a tinsmith in the town. At t

Daugiau

Santrauka

Vaivadija:other / other (prieš 1939)
Apskritis:Šiaulių apskritis / Kauno gubernija (prieš 1939)
Valsčius:Radviliškio rajono savivaldybė / Baisiogalos seniūnija / (prieš 1939)
Kiti pavadinimai:Beysegole [jidiš]
Bejsagoła [ lenkiškai]
Бейсагола[rusiškai]
Baisogollen [vokiškai]
 
GPS:
55.6390° N / 23.7220° E
55°38'20" N / 23°43'19" E
 
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